Quite early in the blog I posted "Past Present or Future?" (Grumble, grumble, I wish I knew how trackbacks work.) I did not get into the actual text of Daniel 9:24-27 which is the vision of seventy weeks. With the post "The Length of the Great Tribulation", I only assumed the futurity of Daniel’s seventieth week instead of proving it. Well, I think it’s time to prove it.
Even though Revelation is primarily concerned with a 3 1/2 year period, the entire seven year period (known as Daniel’s seventieth week) is future, yet to come. I had some feedback on a message board concerning my "The Length of the Great Tribulation" post. While agreeing with me wholeheartedly on the issue of the length of the Great Tribulation, this worthy poster has a partial preterist view. Basically, he views the first half of Daniel’s seventieth week (3 1/2 years) to be in the past, while only the second half of Daniel’s seventieth week is in the future. What is unique about the view held by this person, is that most partial preterists that I have read about before view the first half of Daniel’s seventieth week being fulfilled after the ascension of Christ. This person views the 69 weeks (483 years) to take us up to the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist. Then the time of the ministry of Jesus is the first half of Daniel’s seventieth week (in this person’s view). I don’t think he completely proves his case as you will see below. Here is my response to his view, followed by his rebuttal, then closing comments.
The prophecy states that after 69 weeks, the Messiah will be cut off. The death of the Messiah is after 69 weeks and is not mentioned as happening at the midpoint. Why would Gabriel be speaking of the Messiah in verse 27 when the Messiah had just died? In the mind of Gabriel, there would be no continuation of any thoughts of the Messiah doing anything. After 69 weeks, the Messiah is cut off. Then during the seventieth week, other events happen. There is no connection with the thought pattern between the Messiah and the events of the 70th week.
If I might quote you above but revise your statement slightly, I would state, "The 69th week ended at the death of the Messiah. The prophecy was to count 69 weeks until the death of the Messiah." Then after the counting of the 69 weeks, we have other events that will occur, then the events of the seventieth week. The items that will occur after the death of the Messiah are by another figure who remains somewhat enigmatic in the book of Daniel. There is this prince or king that is coming which is termed as "the little horn", (Daniel 7:8) or "a king of fierce countenance", (Daniel 8:23).
But in verse 26 we simply have the destruction of Jerusalem and the holy place by the people of the prince that will come. General destruction until the end is to characterize the times after the end of the 69th week. Then Gabriel is clearly talking about the only person that is still in his thought process as he is laying out the prophecy; the prince to come that is responsible for destruction and desolation.
The Messiah has been cut off. The destruction is being waged against Jerusalem and the sanctuary until the end of the age, and in Daniel, the end of the age is the end of the times of the Gentiles, that is, the time of Gentile dominion over Israel. He is the one who confirms the covenant with many for one "seven". He is the one who puts a stop to the sacrifice. He is the one responsible for the overspeading abomination which brings desolation.
It doesn’t day at the very end of 69 weeks, it says after. And I believe the next verse says how long after, when Jesus cancelled animal sacrifices in the middle of the week. There’s a device sometimes used in scripture called parallelism where verses repeat themselves with added information. I believe Dan. 9:26 and 27 mimic each other in that the first half of each verse speaks of Jesus, and the last half of each verse of the abomination of desolation. Look at how repetitive the end of each verse is.
It says 69 weeks until the "coming" of the Messiah. The word Messiah means anointed one. We read in Acts 10:37-38, "that word, I say, ye know which was published throughout all Judea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; how God ANOINTED Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power. . . ." Prophets of old anointed men to be kings, just as Samuel anointed Saul and then David. The prophet at Jesus’ anointing to be king of Israel was John the Baptist. Jesus began his ministry after his baptism as the anointed one (Messiah) of Israel. Notice that Dan. 9:26 says the city and the sanctuary are destroyed. That doesn’t happen in the future. Jesus returns and defeats the enemies coming against Jerusalem. It’s obvious that the beast in the future only has power for 3 1/2 years. No scripture says he makes a peace treaty. And I don’t see how you can attribute all seven years to him as you seem to do.
I’ve wondered if Dan. 9 includes two periods. The city and temple were completely destroyed in AD 70 just as we read in 9:26. The ends of vv.26 and 27 are repetitive, except in v.26 it says a prince destroys Jerusalem, and in v.27 it only mentions an abomination of desolation making desolate, but no mentions of the destruction of Jerusalem. So, I wonder if v.26 shows the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 after the death of Christ, then v.27 shows the future abomination of desolation after the death of Christ in the middle of the week. That’s not unlike Rev. 14:8 which says "Babylon is fallen, is fallen." Many interpret that repetition to mean Rome falls twice, so the first "fallen" is the Rome of old, and the second "fallen" is still future after it’s revival.
This may explain the repetition of the ends of vv.26 and 27 which is showing two periods of destruction. Each shows the death of Christ followed by a destruction. What about the new covenant? and Jesus cancelling animal sacrifices on the cross. 2 Chronicles 13:5 states, "ought ye not to know that the Lord God of Israel have the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?" So, could the covenant be when Jesus was anointed at his baptism to be king over Israel?
Jesus did those things. What other scripture says the antichrist forms a covenant, or that he stops animal sacrifices? You’re saying it’s there even though you can’t find it in scripture. That basing everything on Jesus dying before the 70th week begins.
My brief rebuttal:
Notice that in the description of Daniel’s seventieth week, there is no break in the description. The events at the midpoint are intricately connected to whatever or whoever is responsible for the inception. "He will make a covenant for one "seven". That’s one future seven year period with an event that happens at the midpoint. There is no other way to interpret Daniel 9:27. Putting the abomination of desolation at the beginning of a future 3 1/2 year period is to place it clearly in the middle of Daniel’s future seven year CONTIGUOUS period. The destruction of Jerusalem and the sanctuary was future from the time of the giving of the prophecy and at the time of the death of the Messiah. So the prophecy was still "future" when the 69 weeks expired making this a valid interpretation.
The New Covenant was not made when Jesus was anointed at His baptism, but symbolized at the last supper, and carried out on the cross. The sacrifice of Christ on the cross did not put a stop to animal sacrifices, which continued until the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. The sacrifices in the actual sanctuary is the subject matter here.
There are no clear scriptures in the New Testamen which speak of the antichrist’s activities outside of the last 3 1/2 years. But we have Old Testament "types" and "shadows" which will be of great insight to us.
The book of Joel speaks of the sacrifices being cut off from the house of the LORD.
1:9 The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD’S ministers, mourn.
13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God. 14 Sanctify ye a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the LORD your God, and cry unto the LORD, 15 Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come. 16 Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, yea, joy and gladness from the house of our God?
The book of Isaiah shows us a covenant that Israel was trusting in which turned out to be a false covenant. This was most likely partially fulfilled when Sennacherib came up against Jerusalem, Isaiah 36-37. But this gives us the pattern for the end. Here are the scriptures.
28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
33:8 The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
The above scriptures should be studied in their contexts. I think this accurately gives both sides of the positions being debated here without being divisive. Let each reader study and decide for themselves.
Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
-The Orange Mailman