Gentile Nations Will Seek The Messiah

The final OT passage that the Apostle Paul quotes in this mini explosion of Old Testament references in Romans 15:8-12 concerning the salvation of the Gentiles is Isaiah 11:10. We cannot simply look at this one verse; the entire chapter of Isaiah 11 must be studied. This verse contains a nugget of truth about God’s plan for Gentile nations, but there are many other events occurring right alongside the salvation of the nations.

I will note before getting into the immediate context, that Isaiah 7-12 is one unit. The direction of this prophecy is toward the house of David, which Ahaz was the current occupant of the throne. Isaiah had some bold words for this ungodly king. There would be another king who would occupy the throne named Immanuel. A virgin would give birth to him. He would be a stone of stumbling and rock of offence to both Judah and Samaria. Amidst this rejection, His disciples would keep His testimony waiting upon the LORD. They would perform signs and wonders to the nation of Israel. Those who would be the first hand recipients of Immanuel’s light would be those who live in the northern section of Galilee. This Immanuel personage would be none other than the mighty God and Prince of Peace occupying the throne of David. Just read Isaiah 7-9 to see this foundation before we get to Isaiah 11.

Now beginning in Isaiah 11:1, we read the mention of the Branch which comes out of the stump of Jesse, which was the house of David. We should connect the dots and realize this is the same person that Isaiah has been prophesying about throughout this passage. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on this future King. His delight shall be in the fear of the LORD, 11:2.

Notice His judgement in 11:3-5. His judgement shall not be according to what is seen with eyes or heard with ears, but according to righteousness and equity. Notice those He is concerned with: the poor and the meek. These aspects describe an ongoing judgement, or an ongoing reign. We then have two statements that refer to a one-time type of judgement at the onset of His reign. He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked. The physical earth gets a swat on the behind, and those wicked people get slaughtered.

Before we go any further, let’s put this together. A King will one day rule from the throne of David. He will show forth wisdom, understanding, counsel, might, knowledge, and fear of the LORD. The judgement issuing from His throne will go beyond physical evidence, and will include righteousness for the poor and equal treatment for the humble. But as He ascends the throne, there will be a judgement of condemnation upon the wicked, resulting in a slaughter. He also strikes the earth with His royal sceptre.

Although Jesus has displayed the above characteristics at His first advent, He has not yet taken the place on earth whereby He governs the poor and meek on an ongoing basis. He refused to do this at His first coming, Luke 12:13-15. Although Jesus is destined to take this place sometime in the future, He has not yet struck the earth with the sceptre of His authority, or slaughtered the wicked upon ascending that throne.

Verses 6-9 describe a transformed earth in great detail. Since we saw two statements, one relating to the wicked, and the other relating to the physical earth, these statements should be read as referring to the nature of relationships here on the physical earth during the reign of this Branch of David. Animals who once hunted each other will lie down in peace together. Carnivores and herbivores will be led together by a small child. Imagine an eight year old child holding two leashes, one around the neck of a leopard, and the other around the neck of a calf. A child who is still nursing will be able to play outside among creatures that are now poisonous. Imagine a two year old playing on top of a nest of asps. These creatures will not hurt (be evil) or destroy in the holy mountain of the LORD because the earth is now filled with the knowledge of the LORD. So the Messiah strikes the earth with the sceptre of His power, the earth becomes filled with the knowledge of the LORD, which transforms the entire animal kingdom and how it relates to mankind. Yet in verse 9 there is a hint that this will be the beginning of the transformation of the earth, and not the entire process. These renewed relationships will be in the holy mountain of the LORD, meaning in Mount Zion, in a New Jerusalem, (which is the way Isaiah 65:17-25 also describes it) but the knowledge of the LORD will fill the entire earth.

And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse, Who shall stand as a banner to the people;

For the Gentiles shall seek Him, And His resting place shall be glorious.

Now we arrive at our key verse, Isaiah 11:10. It is in the midst of this transformed earth that we see the raised banner of the Messiah as Gentiles are seeking it out. The place of God’s rest to which they will seek will be glorious. Gentile nations will seek out this righteous king ruling from the throne of David. It will be like the great commission only in reverse. Instead of the believing remnant of the nation of Israel going forth into the Gentile nations to preach the gospel, the Gentile nations come to the nation of Israel to ask of their Messiah, II Chronicles 9:1-2, Matthew 12:42.

If one would doubt the restoration of Israel as a nation while Messiah is reigning during this period of time, the remaining verses in Isaiah 11 clear up any doubt. In 11:11-16 we read that the LORD will gather the physical nation of Israel out from all nations from whence they have been scattered. There will no longer be animosity within the nation of Israel between any factions as they will be one people. The Egyptian Sea will dry up so the Israelites may walk over it as they make their way into the land God has for them. This is the second exodus as prophesied in Jeremiah 23:5-8, notice the similarities to Isaiah 11.

Here is the picture. Israel is restored to her place of prominence among the nations because they have the King of kings as their personal ruler. It is not because of anything special the nation of Israel has done, but because of their Messiah. Gentile nations exist alongside Israel during Messiah’s reign and they seek out Messiah’s light. At least in the holy mountain, creation is now at peace because Messiah has struck the earth with the sceptre of His power. Animals are at peace with each other and with mankind, including little children. Righteous judgement is decreed from the judgement seat of this Davidic King. The poor and meek will find favor in His sight. This is a plain reading of the text which leads us to a PreMillennial understanding of this kingdom.

Note: Gentiles find favor with God without having to become citizens of the nation of Israel.

Why does the Apostle Paul quote this verse in Romans 15:12? Remember Paul’s original assertion. Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision in order that the Gentiles also may glorify God for His mercy. When the way was opened up for Gentiles to be saved, they did not have to become citizens of the nation of Israel to come under the reign of Israel’s Messiah. They were to glorify God alongside the nation of Israel just as they were, as Gentiles. There was no joining the nation of Israel. I’m saying this because this is the definitive place of departure with Covenant Theology. This entire passage of Romans 15:8-12 that I have been blogging on proves that the nation of Israel does not become bigger and bigger with each added Gentile. Gentiles are a part of Messiah’s body, but they glorify God alongside national Israel. But each Messianic Gentile is just as much a part of the true Israel as each Messianic Jew, since Jesus is the true Israel. Until we reach the other side of the Millennial Kingdom, these national distinctions will remain a reality here on planet earth, and possibly even beyond that.

Here is where I believe A-Millennialism is both right and wrong. Gentile nations will one day seek out the God of Israel. There will be no requirements for them to have to obey the laws of Israel in order to worship the God of Israel. They must simply have faith in the God of Israel and Israel’s Messiah. This future, Messianic kingdom whereby Gentiles come to God’s light has broken forth into the last days of this age. The kingdom is present among us as those in Messiah submit to His righteous rule. But there still remains a literal fulfillment of Isaiah 11 which will include the details above. To focus entirely on the kingdom present but to deny a literal, future, Millennial kingdom in the age to come is the error of A-Millennialism in my view. My dialogue on Illumination showed me that A-Millennialists view it as an either/or type of thing, while I see it as a both/and. To focus entirely on the kingdom future but to deny the kingdom present is the error of Dispensationalism, although Progressives have conceded this.

Here is where I believe Post-Millennialism is both right and wrong. Gentile nations as a whole will one day come to Messiah’s light, but not during this current age. In the age to come, when Messiah establishes His kingdom, then Gentiles will willingly seek out Messiah. National entities will recognize Messiah’s righteous rule. But during the current preaching of the gospel, only a remnant of Gentiles will come to His light. Governmental structures will fail to recognize Jesus as the Messiah until He returns. Israel will be the first to come to Messiah’s light. Gentile nations will be able to rejoice alongside Israel in this knowledge. But it will not happen through the current preaching of the gospel, or through Christian political activism. To believe that a Gentile nation could belong to the Messiah (i.e. be considered a Christian nation) before Messiah establishes His earthly rule is the error of Post-Millennialism in my view. This is interesting because most of the founding fathers of our nation were Post-Millennialists. They viewed the United States as a Christian nation believing that the preaching of the gospel through our missionaries would bring Gentile nations as a whole to convert to Christ. Instead we see the kingdom parables that Jesus spoke in Matthew 13 playing out to a T.

I am almost through with this series on the salvation of the Gentiles. I feel that I have examined each passage that the Apostle Paul quotes from the Old Testament in an objective way. I have examined the original context, sought out the New Testament light that we have, then applied it to the point Paul was making concerning Gentiles, Israel, and their Messiah.

Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13

-The Orange Mailman

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12 Responses to Gentile Nations Will Seek The Messiah

  1. Unknown says:

    Hello Orange Mailman:
    "….Gentile nations will one day seek out the God of Israel. There will be no requirements for them to have to obey the laws of Israel in order to worship the God of Israel. They must simply have faith in the God of Israel and Israel’s Messiah."  (Faith is belief in action)
    Orange Mailman, I beg to differ with you about the above statement and so does what thus saith the Lord:
    Isaiah 56: 1 Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed. 2 Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.  3 Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree. 4 For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant; 5 Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. 6 Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; 7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people. 8 The Lord GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him.

  2. Unknown says:

    Orange Mailman,
    As you can see there is one law for all.
    Exodus 12:49 "One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you."  
    Leviticus 24: 22 \’You shall have the same law for the stranger and for one from your own country; for I am the LORD your God.\’
    Numbers  15:16 \’One law and one custom shall be for you and for the stranger who dwells with you.\’
    Deuteronomy 27:26 \’Cursed is the one who does not confirm all the words of this law.  \’And all the people shall say, \’Amen!\’ 
    Isaiah 5:  24 Therefore, as the fire devours the stubble, And the flame consumes the chaff, So their root will be as rottenness, And their blossom will ascend like dust; Because they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts, And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

  3. Darrin says:

    Hello King\’s Kid-
    The passages you cite from the Pentateuch concern a foreigner who would live within the nation of Israel as an Israelite.  Exodus 12:48, just before the verse you cite, commands these foreigners to be circumcised. Leviticus 24:10-23 concerned a man whose mother was and Israelite but his father was Egyptian.  Since he was living within the nation of Israel as a citizen of Israel, he must abide by the laws of Israel since he was considered a citizen of the nation of Israel even though his heritage was not thoroughly Israelitish.  Numbers 15:1-16 concerns concerns sacrifices and burnt offerings on the part of a foreigner who has become a citizen of the nation of Israel.
    In the New Testament, there was a dispute in Acts 15 whether Gentiles should be circumcised in order to be saved.  The thinking was just as you suggest.  They must obey the law in order to be saved; they must be circumcised.  But why did the Holy Spirit issue God\’s judgement that no circumcision was necessary?  And why did Peter say in Acts 15:11 that Gentiles are saved by grace, and that Israelites would be saved in the exact same manner?
    Do you have any thoughts on this?
    Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
    -The Orange Mailman

  4. Darrin says:

    Hello Isaiah 56-
    What is your application of the passage you quote?  Is it strictly Old Covenant, present day fulfillment, future kingdom, or applicable to every situation throughout every age?  Do you believe that every Gentile who joins himself to the LORD must observe the Sabbath according to the Mosaic law?  And what if they don\’t?  And will these people be brought before the house of prayer in the holy mountain as the LORD has promised?  If so, in what way?  And who are the others to be gathered beside those who are gathered within the scope of the outcasts of Israel?  Surely (Shirley) you must have an answer for all these questions?
    Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
    -The Orange Mailman

  5. Unknown says:

    Dear Darrin,
    {"….Exodus 12:48, just before the verse you cite, commands these foreigners to be circumcised. Leviticus 24:10-23 concerned a man whose mother was and Israelite but his father was Egyptian.  Since he was living within the nation of Israel as a citizen of Israel, he must abide by the laws of Israel since he was considered a citizen of the nation of Israel even though his heritage was not thoroughly Israelitish.  Numbers 15:1-16 concerns concerns sacrifices and burnt offerings on the part of a foreigner who has become a citizen of the nation of Israel.}
    Darrin, you are not focusing on the key phrases, “ One law…, …the same law for the stranger…, \’One law and one custom…”
    You will not be certain, in regards to circumcision, until the Lord returns seeing how most Gentiles choose to hold fast to the words of Paul, Peter, and the others, instead of what “thus saith the Lord”.  Please let me direct you to Exodus 12: 43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: 44 But every man\’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. 48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.  49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.
    Let us not forget that Jesus is our Passover and to partake of the Passover one must be circumcised. 
    You said “But why did the Holy Spirit issue God\’s judgement that no circumcision was necessary?  Can you prove this? 
    Remember, Moses allowed Israelites a “writ of divorcement”, however when Jesus came He said it was never so 
    Matthew 19:7 They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?  8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so.   
    (part 1 of 2)

  6. Unknown says:

    (part 2 of 2)
    Also in Mark 10:4 And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.  5 And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept. 6 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female. 7 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; 8 And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh. 9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
    As, I hope that, you can see Moses interpreted, the express will of the Lord, incorrectly.  Do you see that there is a great possiblility that Paul and Peter were incorrect also?
    My “application” is that the scripture is prophetic/future kingdom, which is “….applicable to every situation throughout every age”.
    “…Do you believe that every Gentile who joins himself to the LORD must observe the Sabbath according to the Mosaic law?”   Once again I repeat the Words of the Lord,  “one law for all”.
    And what if they don\’t?  Here is what “thus says the Lord”:
    Exodus 31:13Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. 14Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
     15Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.

  7. Darrin says:

    King\’s Kid-
    Thanks for the response.  I can certainly prove that the Holy Spirit led the apostles at the council of Jerusalem in issuing the verdict that circumcision is not necessary for salvation.  Acts 15 is very simply laid out.
    In verse 1 there are brethren from Judea who are teaching that unless you all are circumcised after the manner of Moses, you all cannot be saved.  In verse 2, Paul and Barnabbas disagree with them.  These false teachers from Judea are not satisfied with Paul and Barnabbas, so both parties agree to take the issue to the apostles at Jerusalem.  On the way down to Jerusalem in verse 3, Paul and Barnabbas declare what has occurred amongst the Gentiles in being converted (without circumcision).  The council begins in Jerusalem and a certain sect rises up and states that they must keep the law of Moses, meaning to be circumcised.
    Peter stands up and speaks boldly, verses 7-11.  It was through the Apostle Peter that Gentiles had first received the Holy Spirit.  Peter points out that they received the Holy Spirit without having to go through the rituals of the law; the Holy Spirit was simply poured out on these uncircumcised.  They were uncircumcised according to Acts 11:1-3.  Peter\’s point is that the Holy Spirit put no difference between the circumcised and the uncircumcised when it came time for the Holy Spirit to be poured out.  Peter accuses this sect of tempting God in trying to put a yoke upon the Gentiles that even the Israelites had failed at keeping time and again.  Then he finishes by stating that the Gentiles are saved by God\’s grace and Israel\’s hope is the same as these Gentiles.  Salvation for Israelites is through God\’s grace as well.
    When James issues the verdict in verses 13-21, he cites Peter\’s testimony favorably, then quotes Amos to show that there will be Gentiles called by the name of the LORD at the time He (Messiah) returns to rebuild the fallen tabernacle of David.  If these Gentiles were to be circumcised, that would make them a part of the nation of Israel in obedience to their laws.  But since they remain uncircumcised, they are Gentiles, but called by the name of the LORD fulfilling the prophecies contained in Amos.  Then James gives the sentence that the only things that Gentiles needed to do was to keep themselves from fornication, pollutions of idols, from things strangled, and from blood.
    Then a letter is written to Gentile believers containing the decision of the council, verses 23-29.  They write how some wanted to teach that Gentile believers must keep the law of Moses and be circumcised, BUT THEY NEVER HAD ISSUED ANY SUCH COMMANDMENT.  They state in the letter that it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and good to the apostles that no greater burden than necessary be laid upon these Gentile believers.  So I hope you see the truth of this passage laid out quite plainly.  Circumcision is not necessary for any Gentile believer in Christ to receive the Holy Spirit, or to partake of in order to be saved.
    You may also want to read Romans 4.  Abraham received the promise being uncircumcised.  Abraham was righteous before he was circumcised.  Also, you might note that Abraham is not simply the father of Israel, but the father of many nations.  Any Gentile can be a child of Abraham by faith, since he is the father of all who believe.
    You seem to want to place more importance on certain writings in the Bible than others.  Peter and Paul also had the same authority.  Their writings inspired by the Holy Spirit are also "thus saith the LORD".  So, NO, Peter and Paul were completely correct in all the Holy Scriptures that they wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.  I believe in the infallibility of scripture, including the New Testament.  I do focus on the portion that you want me to focus on, I\’m just not coming to the conclusions that you are coming to.  The laws you cite are Israel\’s laws.  Anyone who lives within the nation of Israel must abide by these laws.  If a Gentile wants to live amongst the physical nation of Israel, they must abide by these laws.  In the Old Testament, this was the law, but not enforced.  In the future restoration of Israel, this will be the law, but it will be enforced by the King of kings.  So you are correct that there is one law for both the Israelite descended directly from Jacob, and for a foreigner living amongst them, but these laws are for the physical nation of Israel living within the boudaries of the promised land.
    But Gentiles around the world may come to God\’s light without circumcision, but simply by God\’s grace through faith.
    The law that you cite concerning the Sabbath is a sign between the LORD and the nation of Israel.  Israel was to observe this law as a testimony to the fact that their God was the God who created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day.  Israel failed and was given a mandatory seventy year Sabbath during the Babylonian captivity.  After the captivity it was reiterated in Nehemiah that the Sabbath was between the LORD and Israel, Nehemiah 9:14.  Nehemiah enforced Sabbath observances.
    In the future, when Israel is restored as a nation, the Sabbath will once again be the law of the land.  Since Israel will be the centerpiece of the earth, Gentile nations will learn from Israel and may observe the Sabbath, but it will not be required, since they will be Gentiles, not Israelites.  There is much about the Millennial Kingdom that we do not understand, but it will consist of Israel restored, and Gentile nations who may or may not choose to nationally recognize Israel\’s Messiah. 
    Right now, Israel is still nationally in unbelief.  Any national observance of the Sabbath are apart from their Messiah, Jesus.  True Israelites who are spiritually circumcised by faith in Messiah may observe the Sabbath and be accepted before God.  But this is an issue that Paul states we have freedom to observe or not observe with no fear of any judgement from another believer, Colossians 2:16-17.
    Thanks again for your response.  A word of caution though, any response you make must recognize the New Testament as inspired scripture.
    Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
    -The Orange Mailman

  8. Unknown says:

    Just a few things before I respond to your latest comment; I’ll be back.
    What would give you the idea that I do not recognize the New Testament as inspired scripture?  I know that all scripture is God-breathed, it is the interpretations/doctrines of men that I have a problem with.  1Pet 1:  19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.  (That “more sure word of prophecy” is the Old Testament Prophets)
    Are you familiar with Ezekiel?  What is your application of these verses?
    Ezekiel 44: 5 And the LORD said unto me, Son of man, mark well, and behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears all that I say unto thee concerning all the ordinances of the house of the LORD, and all the laws thereof; and mark well the entering in of the house, with every going forth of the sanctuary. 6 And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O ye house of Israel, let it suffice you of all your abominations, 7 In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house, when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken my covenant because of all your abominations. 8 And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things: but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves. 9 Thus saith the Lord GOD; No stranger, uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary, of any stranger that is among the children of Israel.
    PS:  I am a firm believer of letting the God’s Word interpret His Word.

  9. Darrin says:

    King\’s Kid-
    What would give me the idea that you do not recognize the New Testament as inspired?  A quote from you.  "Do you see that there is a great possiblility that Paul and Peter were incorrect also?"  Coupled with the propensity to refer to Old Testament writings as "thus saith the LORD", this quote makes it sound as if Peter and Paul\’s writings are incorrect, and inferior to Old Testament writings.
    I\’m familiar with Ezekiel.  You should really deal with the passages that you have tried to dispute before moving on to other passages.  But on to Ezekiel it is.  I will simply point you to a debate that I had with Dr. Waldron and others at Illumination.

    Follow the above link and be sure to read my response beneath since Dr. Waldron\’s post does not reflect my view.  If you would like to read the original debate that sparked Dr. Waldron to write that post, you can follow this link here.  I believe I have six lengthy responses within this discussion.

    Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
    -The Orange Mailman

  10. Darrin says:

    I have deleted your comment.  My previous comment stated that the New Testament must be recognized as inspired by the LORD.  This means the revelations given to the apostles in the New Testament have an equal standing with Old Testament revelations, even those that are prefaced with the phrase "thus saith the LORD".  Any such comments that fail to recognize decisions made by the Holy Spirit in the book of Acts will be deleted.  I could debate these issues, but if we don\’t agree on the basic premise, I am wasting my time.  I don\’t want the readers of my blog to feel as if the New Testament is inferior to the Old Testament.  To state that the decision in Acts 15 was simply a decision made by men is to ignore the work of the Holy Spirit in that text.  To say that my interpretation means that God changes His mind is to miss the point of my series on the salvation of the Gentiles.
    Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
    -The Orange Mailman

  11. Pingback: Links for the Series on Prophetic Apocalypse in the Psalms | The Orange Mailman

  12. Pingback: The Salvation of the Gentiles in Romans 15:8-12 | The Orange Mailman

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