Psalm 45 ~ A glimpse at the King

Your Throne, Your Royal Majesty, is Forever


1 To the Chief Musician. Set to ‘The Lilies.’

A Contemplation of the sons of Korah.

A Song of Love.

My heart is overflowing with a good theme;

I recite my composition concerning the King;

My tongue is the pen of a ready writer.


There is a prophetic apocalypse contained in Psalm 45.  We see a glimpse into the future during the reign of the ultimate King here on earth.  The insight of this psalmist is skillfully crafted by God Himself.  The psalmist admits that his tongue is simply a tool through which the LORD is going to reveal hidden truths to mankind.  As mentioned before, it is a psalm about the Beloved One.  The psalmist’s heart was literally overflowing with music about this Beautiful One.


2 You are fairer than the sons of men;

Grace is poured upon Your lips;

Therefore God has blessed You forever.

3 Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One,

With Your glory and Your majesty.


This King is more beautiful than the sons of men.  He seems to be in another category altogether.  Gracious words come from his lips.  God has blessed this King forever.  The psalmist compels the Mighty One to gird on His sword in a display of glory and majesty.  Why?  The next stanza reveals this King subduing His enemies under Him.


4 And in Your majesty ride prosperously

because of truth, humility, and righteousness;

And Your right hand shall teach You awesome things.

5 Your arrows are sharp

in the heart of the King’s enemies;

The peoples fall under You.


Here is the King (Jesus) in power and glory.  Yet this King has enemies.  His enemies do not stop His reign.  His reign overcomes all enemies.  The people-groups, or nations, fall under His right hand as He rides forth in majesty.  The idea of riding forth is one of riding forth on a horse as to war.  As He mounts and rides forth, His arrows strike through the heart of the King’s enemies.  The imagery of Revelation 19:11-16 should spring to our minds.  So we have a beautiful King, but He rides forth as an act of war to subdue His enemies upon the earth.


6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;

A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.

7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness;

Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You

With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.

8 All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia,

Out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad.

9 Kings’ daughters are among Your honorable women;

At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir.


Here is the declaration that this King is indeed both God and Messiah.  The throne of this God is forever.  Pre-Millennialists need to be cautious not to resort to dispensational type reasoning.  The period of time which follows the millennium must not be a time whereby the throne of the Messiah is abandoned, forfeited, or abrogated.  Messiah’s throne is forever.  It stands as a fulfillment of the promise to David, which itself is a promise of an eternal reign, II Samuel 7:16, Psalm 89:3-4.


Interwoven with the proclamation of the Messiah’s deity is also His humanity.  He has companions.  He wears garments scented with perfumes.  He dwells in an ivory palace.  The daughters of kings from other nations are among His honorable women.  He has a queen who is treated like a queen.  While the psalm apocalyptically projects us into a forceful subjection of the enemies of the King, it also pictures a prosperous reign of peace.


Just in case you aren’t picking up on this, the psalm is talking about Jesus, the King of kings, living here on earth.  He is living in a palace like a man who rules the world.  I’m sure some people just cannot fathom this, and I admit that this is difficult.  This remains one of the great mysteries of the incarnation.  God condescends to live with mankind.  Society is not done away with, but it is redeemed.


10 Listen, O daughter, Consider and incline your ear;

Forget your own people also, and your father’s house;

11 So the King will greatly desire your beauty;

Because He is your Lord, worship Him.

12 And the daughter of Tyre will come with a gift;

The rich among the people will seek your favor.


Here the psalmist directs his attention and song toward the queen.  Whoever this queen is, she must have married into royalty and was not born to it.  She is admonished to forget her nativity.  It is through her denial of her natural born heritage that the King desires her beauty.  She is commanded to worship her husband who is also her Lord.  When she does this, the daughter of Tyre, most likely the daughter of the king of Tyre, will come seeking her favor because of her intimate status with the God-King.


The original picture which inspired this language was Solomon’s wife as queen beside him.  This was Pharaoh’s daughter who ravished his heart in the Song of Solomon.  The psalmist sees this picture and apocalyptically projects us into the reign of the Messiah which includes the coregency of Messiah’s wife.


I see a parallel here.  The psalmist saw the King reigning, but not alone.  He has a wife who is coregent with Him.  The parallel here is with the church.  The church, or wife of the Messiah, or bride of Christ, cannot have her identity as the queen on the throne until she denies her earthly born status.  Once she rejects the nativity of her father’s house of sin, then she may claim her identity as the wife of the King.


It is this denial of self that the Messiah finds so attractive.  He greatly desires the beauty of this woman who gives up her very identity for Him.  She submits to His gracious rule by worshiping Him.  Now other nations seek her favor because of her special relationship to the King.  The bride is now revered by all upon the earth.  This gives us a glimpse into the Messianic Kingdom.  Jesus the Messiah is reigning.  His wife is with Him.  Gentile nations turn to this former Gentile queen.  Those Gentiles within the church stand as a testimony that this King of Israel loves every Gentile as much as He loves any Israelite.


13 The royal daughter is all glorious within the palace;

Her clothing is woven with gold.

14 She shall be brought to the King in robes of many colors;

The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You.

15 With gladness and rejoicing they shall be brought;

They shall enter the King’s palace.


With the mention of the royal daughter, we have some possibilities.  Either we have multiple parallels which teach the same thing, or we have something not yet revealed which will occur during the Messianic reign.  We know that we have been adopted as the sons and daughters of God.  So while we are His bride, we are also His children.  The royal daughter could be another expression for the queen.  Or the king and queen could have a daughter which is meant to be yet another picture of the elect.  They would be coexisting parallels meant to teach the similar things.  Messiah’s relationship with His people will be like a marriage, but it will also be like a Father to His children.  Perhaps more controversially, there will be some new entity in the Messianic Kingdom which we do not yet know of.  This would involve a new creation which could be described as an offspring.  This would be debatable, but not against scripture.


16 Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons,

Whom You shall make princes in all the earth.

17 I will make Your name to be remembered in all generations;

Therefore the people shall praise You forever and ever.


The last section shows that we are in an ongoing kingdom living generation after generation.  In the place of the fathers, the sons will be made princes within this kingdom.  The next generation rises up to take the place of the previous.  The ultimate goal is the same no matter which generation takes their places.  The goal is to make the name of the Messiah to be remembered in all generations.  The people of the kingdom shall praise this King forever and ever.  This kingdom is never ending.


There will be a kingdom here on earth.  Jesus the Messiah, God in the flesh, will rule over this kingdom.  His wife will rule with Him as queen.  He will sit on the Davidic throne, but His rule will not be limited to Israel.  All nations will seek Him.  Gentiles within His body and bride will be the proof in the Kingdom that God is no respecter of persons.  Psalm 45 is a prophetic apocalypse into the kingdom of God here on earth.


Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13


-The Orange Mailman

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One Response to Psalm 45 ~ A glimpse at the King

  1. Pingback: Links for the Series on Prophetic Apocalypse in the Psalms | The Orange Mailman

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