While the word “Messiah” does not appear in these psalms, we need to remember that the word Messiah means Anointed One. So if we read a description of an Anointed One, then we are reading about the Messiah. This set of psalms is highly eschatological in nature. It is about the coming reign of the LORD upon the earth. So if we are reading an apocalypse about an Anointed One in relation to the kingdom come, we are obviously reading about the Messiah.
92:10 But my horn You have exalted like a wild ox;
I have been anointed with fresh oil.
11 My eye also has seen my desire on my enemies;
My ears hear my desire on the wicked Who rise up against me.
92:10-11 describes the Anointed One. Something to note is the voice change between verses 5-9 and 10-11. In verses 5-9 the psalmist sings of “your enemies, O LORD”. Now in verses 10-11, there is a voice of an Anointed One singing of “my enemies” and “the wicked who rise up against me”. This Anointed One now sings as if the enemies of the LORD are His enemies. One possibility is that while the Anointed One and the LORD are separate, that they share the same enemies. Another possibility is that the Anointed One is the LORD. The latter is demonstrated throughout the rest of this series of psalms.
The voice of 92:10-11 is one who is being exalted to a position of power. The horns of a wild animal were often seen as a metaphor for a king. The voice proclaims that “you”, meaning the LORD, has exalted His horn like the horn of this wild animal. He is given the position of a king. Now I will be honest that the word for “anointed” in the Hebrew is not the classic word corresponding with Messiah. This word could mean pouring over or mingling. But the fact remains that this is a kingly figure with oil being applied to Him. The word “balal” is used in the law concerning the offering of flour before the LORD. Every time flour was offered to the LORD, it must have the holy, anointing oil applied to it, or “balal”, mingled in with it. So it seems that this is a word that corresponds with consecration with anointing oil, or in a sense, being anointed. As this kingly figure receives authority and has oil poured over him, He then proclaims that His enemies have a downfall, doom, and destruction.
93:1 The Lord reigns, He is clothed with majesty;
The Lord is clothed, He has girded Himself with strength.
Surely the world is established, so that it cannot be moved.
2 Your throne is established from of old;
You are from everlasting.
93:1-2 proclaims that the LORD reigns. The word for reign is a royal word equated with becoming a king. Since LORD is in all capitals in the KJV, we know this corresponds to the word Yahweh. This is the personal name for God. It is His very person that sits on that throne. The throne has been established from of old. His person has been from everlasting. There was never a time when the LORD was not God. However, this throne is somewhat vague in terminology here. It doesn’t really say where the throne is; it is simply an ancient throne that the LORD seems to have always occupied. So the Messiah is given a kingly position of power by the LORD, but the LORD has always reigned. We see that the Messiah breaks forth onto earth as the LORD personified. The Messiah is the express image of the LORD’s person as King.
94:1 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs—
O God, to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth!
2 Rise up, O Judge of the earth;
Render punishment to the proud.
The invitation for the LORD God to shine forth in 94:1 will come to pass in the person of the Messiah. It is Messiah who will defeat the enemies of the LORD in 92:11, so it follows that the invitation for the LORD to defeat His enemies in 94:2, 23 is to be fulfilled through the person of the Messiah who is also the LORD.
95:3 For the Lord is the great God,
And the great King above all gods.
In 95:3 we see that the LORD is both God and King. The rest of the psalm explains that the LORD is also Creator of the earth (95:5) and Maker of mankind (95:6). As if that weren’t enough to identify which God we is being sung about, the psalmist also identifies Him as the God of Israel in 95:7-11. Here we can safely cross reference other psalms which portray the Messiah as being King over the entire earth, Psalm 72:8-11. The Messiah is also God in the flesh, Psalm 45:6-7.
1 The Lord reigns; Let the earth rejoice;
Let the multitude of isles be glad!
2 Clouds and darkness surround Him;
Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.
3 A fire goes before Him,
And burns up His enemies round about.
4 His lightnings light the world;
The earth sees and trembles.
5 The mountains melt like wax at the presence of the Lord,
At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
Now in 97:1-5, the LORD is shining forth according to the invitation in 94:1-2. This shining forth of the LORD is a prophetic apocalypse. The veil separating us from God is thrown back for a moment as we see what will happen in the future. The LORD has the qualities of a Messianic figure coming with clouds, darkness, fire, lightning, and destruction. This is the Messiah, who is also the LORD who will reign as King forever. His rule is from Zion. People are called to worship Him at His holy mountain, 99:9. These closing thoughts about the identity of the Messiah-King-God of Psalm 92-99 bring up another mystery of Messiah’s rule. While the throne of the LORD has been established from ancient times, there comes a point in time when God’s rule will break forth onto the earth. God will be physically present reigning from the New Jerusalem in the person of the Messiah, the LORD Jesus. I intend to explore this in another post.
Have fun and stay busy – Luke 19:13
-The Orange Mailman